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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 152-155

Peritoneal closure versus nonclosure in cesarean delivery

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Surgery, GMC, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Anaesthesia, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
4 Department of Medicine, GMC, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Azhar Un Nisa Quraishi
Department of OBGY, SKIMS, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jss.jss_61_21

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Background: Routine closure of parietal peritoneum during cesarean section has been a custom. However, current evidence argues against peritoneal closure. Methods: A total of 100 pregnant women who had to undergo cesarean delivery were taken for the study. They were divided into two groups: Group C (50 patients) and Group NC (50 patients). Group C included the patients in whom parietal peritoneum was sutured during cesarean delivery, whereas, Group NC included the patients in whom parietal peritoneum was left unsutured during cesarean delivery. The two groups were then compared in terms of postoperative morbidity and outcome. Results: The mean operating time was significantly less in Group NC than in Group C (P < 0.001). The mean analgesia requirement in Group C was 210.4 ± 31.45 mg, whereas it was 178.5 ± 28.63 mg in Group NC (P < 0.001). Mean time for ambulation after cesarean delivery in Group C was 12.9 ± 3.42 h, whereas it was 10.1 ± 3.19 h in Group NC (P < 0.001). There was a longer duration of hospital stay in the C group (mean = 4.3 ± 1.07 days) than NC group (mean = 2.9 ± 0.95 days). Conclusion: Nonclosure of parietal peritoneum at cesarean delivery is associated with reduced operation time, lesser postoperative analgesia requirement, and lesser duration of hospital stay with no increased morbidity.

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