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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 152-172

A cross-sectional study: Prevalence of alcohol consumption, factors associated, and its effects among undergraduate college students

1 Nursing Officer, Department of Orthopedic; Tutor, College of Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Tutor, College of Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Hansaram Suthar
College of Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jss.jss_15_22

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Background: Alcoholism is gradually tearing down college students worldwide. This is turning out to be a major social predicament. Alcohol misuse was reported as a strong predictor of students' mental health. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of alcohol consumption, factors associated with it, and its effects among undergraduate students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was applied on 180 undergraduates at Shekhawati PG College, Rajasthan, India, using stratified random sampling. Structured questionnaire and rating scale were used to collect the data. Results: The finding showed 25.55% prevalence of alcohol consumption with majority of being males (63.04%). Maximum number (47.8%) of the students started alcohol consumption at 18–19 years of age, with reasons being social gathering or marriage party (69.56%), peer pressure and curiosity about the effects of alcohol (13.04%), and drinking habit of the parents (6.52%). Majority of the student (65.21%) drink outside the home and at night time (91.30%). Maximum urge (86.95%) was felt for pleasure (93.47%) on special occasions or party functions. Early onset of consumption made students (28.26%) addicted. Maximum students (78.3%) showed mild effects of alcohol consumption, whereas 21.7% experienced moderate effects of alcohol consumption. Conclusions: The study showed that the most common age to start consuming alcohol was between 18 and 19 years, and common reasons to start included “social activities” and “peer pressure” for majority and for a few “curiosity” and “family influence.” It becomes incumbent on the government, health-care practitioners, and other stakeholders to promote responsible drinking and discourage premature drinking.

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