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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 277-283

Role of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises in post-COVID individuals: A randomized-control trial


Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gaurang Baxi
Professor, Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jss.jss_73_22

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Background: Pulmonary function, fatigue, and chest mobility are three important parameters which are impaired after COVID-19. Manual stretching procedures have the potential to improve pulmonary function, reduce fatigue, and improve chest mobility. However, evidence regarding their effectiveness in post-COVID-19 population remains unknown. This study explores the effectiveness of two different types of stretching techniques on pulmonary function, fatigue, and chest expansion in post-COVID-19 population. Materials and Methodology: Forty post-COVID-19 patients with mild and moderate impairment were divided into two groups (20 each). Group A received hold relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) pectoral stretching while Group B received chest mobility exercises for 20 min each for 7 sessions. The outcomes measures were pulmonary function test, fatigue, and chest expansion. Results: Significant within-group differences for all outcome measures were seen at the end of intervention. Between-group analysis showed a significant statistical difference in few parameters of pulmonary function testing and chest expansion in Group A than Group B. However, no statistical significance on Fatigue after the 7 sessions of intervention. Conclusions: In COVID-19 survivors with mild and moderate impairment, hold relax PNF stretching than chest mobility exercises has a significant effect on improving pulmonary function, reducing fatigue, and improving chest expansion.


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